Fuel Your Fast: 10 Power-Packed Suhoor Foods for Ramadan

Suhoor, the pre-dawn meal before the Ramadan fast begins, is essential for staying energized and focused throughout the day. While it’s tempting to grab sugary treats, these will leave you crashing later. Dr. Sajjad Khan, Specialist in Internal Medicine, recommends these 10 fantastic Suhoor foods to keep you feeling your best:

  1. Oatmeal: This whole-grain powerhouse provides sustained energy thanks to its complex carbohydrates and fiber. Add nuts, seeds, or a drizzle of honey for extra flavor and nutrients.
  2. Eggs: A classic source of protein, eggs keep you feeling full and satisfied for longer. Scramble them with vegetables or enjoy them hard-boiled for a portable option.
  3. Dates: A traditional Ramadan food, dates are packed with natural sugars and fiber for an instant energy boost. They’re also a great source of essential vitamins and minerals.
  4. Greek Yogurt: This protein-rich yogurt provides a creamy and delicious way to start your day. Top it with berries, granola, or a drizzle of honey for extra taste and texture.
  5. Soup: A warm bowl of lentil, vegetable, or chicken soup is comforting and hydrating. Soups are easy to digest and can be packed with essential nutrients.
  6. Fruits and Vegetables: Don’t underestimate the power of fruits and vegetables! They’re packed with vitamins, minerals, and water, keeping you hydrated and energized throughout the day. Choose water-rich options like watermelon, oranges, or celery.
  7. Nuts and Seeds: A small handful of nuts and seeds is a great way to add healthy fats, protein, and fiber to your Suhoor meal. Almonds, walnuts, chia seeds, and flaxseeds are all excellent choices.
  8. Whole-Grain Bread: Ditch the white bread and opt for whole-wheat or whole-grain options. These provide sustained energy and keep you feeling fuller for longer.
  9. Avocado: This creamy fruit is loaded with healthy fats, fiber, and essential vitamins. Add it to your toast, eggs, or oatmeal for a delicious and nutritious boost.
  10. Water: This may seem obvious, but staying hydrated is crucial during Ramadan. Aim to drink plenty of water throughout Suhoor to keep your body functioning optimally.

By incorporating these power-packed foods into your Suhoor routine, you’ll be well on your way to a successful and energizing Ramadan fast. Remember, a balanced and healthy Suhoor is key to staying focused, hydrated, and feeling your best throughout the day.

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Mohamed Jamshid Ubaid
Gunasekharan Bathrachala Reddy
Riyaz Ibrahim Mather
Sonia Paul Nilayattingal
Harminder Singh
Jyothsnadevi
Suchitra N
Sajjad Khan
Nilofer Samed
Arif V P

10 Foods to Avoid for Suhoor During Ramadan

10 Foods to Avoid for Suhoor During Ramadan

Suhoor, the pre-dawn meal before sunrise in Ramadan, is essential for maintaining energy and focus throughout your fast. While it’s tempting to indulge in celebratory treats, certain foods can leave you feeling sluggish, bloated or dehydrated later in the day. Dr. Riyaz Ibrahim Mather, Specialist Internal Medicine, recommends the 10 foods to avoid during Suhoor to optimize your Ramadan experience.

1. Simple Sugars : Baked pastries, sugary cereals, white bread and sweets might provide a quick energy boost as they are high in simple sugars, but as they have less fibre, they lead to a crash later, leaving you feeling hungrier.

2. Fried Foods : Fried and fatty foods are heavy and can cause Gastritis, leading to abdominal discomfort as well as increased thirst, during your fast.

3. Salty Snacks: While salty chips or crackers may seem appealing, they can cause dehydration and make you thirstier faster.

4. Caffeinated Beverages: Coffee or caffeinated teas can dehydrate you, so opt for water instead.

5. Spicy Foods: Spicy dishes can cause gastric irritation and thirst hence they are best avoided during Suhoor.

6. Carbonated Drinks: Fizzy drinks can bloat you up and contribute to dehydration. Stick to water for optimal hydration.

7. Dried Fruits (in excess): While a healthy option, some dried fruits are concentrated in sugar. Enjoy them in moderation.

8. Cruciferous Vegetables: Vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage can cause bloating and gastric discomfort, which can be uncomfortable during fasting.

9. Legumes (in excess): Beans and lentils are great sources of protein and fibre, but in large quantities, they can cause gastric discomfort and bloating.

10. Highly Processed Foods: Processed foods are generally low in nutrients and high in sodium, which can contribute to dehydration.

Remember, Suhoor is about sustained energy. Focus on complex carbohydrates like whole grains, fruits and vegetables. Include lean protein sources like eggs, fish or chicken for lasting satiety. Don’t forget to stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water throughout Suhoor. With these tips, you can approach your fast with a healthy and balanced meal that keeps you energized throughout the day.

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Mohamed Jamshid Ubaid
Gunasekharan Bathrachala Reddy
Riyaz Ibrahim Mather
Sonia Paul Nilayattingal
Harminder Singh
Jyothsnadevi
Suchitra N
Sajjad Khan
Nilofer Samed
Arif V P

Don’t Let Glaucoma Steal Your Vision

A Comprehensive Guide to Glaucoma Awareness and Prevention

Glaucoma, often referred to as the ‘silent thief of sight,’ can quietly steal your precious vision without you even noticing. This sneaky eye disease damages the optic nerve, leading to irreversible vision loss if left untreated. But fear not, because with early detection and proper management, glaucoma can be controlled, and your sight preserved.

January is Glaucoma Awareness Month, serving as a timely reminder to prioritize eye health and shed light on this often-overlooked condition.”

These changes are minor and mostly involve adding a few words for improved coherence.

Key Facts about Glaucoma:

  • Often referred to as the “silent thief of sight.”
  • Damages the optic nerve, leading to irreversible vision loss if left untreated.
  • Fear not – early detection and proper management can control glaucoma and preserve your sight.

Who’s at Risk?

While glaucoma can affect anyone, certain factors increase the risk:

  1. Age: If you’re over 60, you’re at a higher risk.
  2. Family History: Glaucoma tends to run in families.
  3. Ethnicity: Individuals of African, Hispanic, or Asian descent face a higher risk.
  4. Health Conditions: Diabetes, high blood pressure, and severe near-sightedness are risk factors.

Prioritizing Prevention and Awareness

Key Prevention Strategies:

  1. Regular Eye Exams: Schedule comprehensive examinations, including a dilated eye test, especially if you’re at high risk.
  2. Know the Symptoms: Watch out for warning signs like blurred vision, tunnel vision, and haloes around lights.
  3. Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle: Manage blood pressure, exercise regularly, and adopt a balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
  4. Protect Your Eyes: Wear sunglasses that block UV rays and protective eyewear during high-impact activities.

Empowerment through Knowledge:

  • Share this information with loved ones, especially those at high risk.
  • Spreading awareness ensures everyone has the tools to protect their precious sight.

Fuelling Your Eyes with Antioxidants

Imagine antioxidants as tiny shields protecting your optic nerve from free radical damage. Load up on these vibrant allies:

  1. Leafy Greens: Kale, spinach, and collard greens are champions, packed with lutein and zeaxanthin, carotenoids that shield the retina.
  2. Colorful Fruits and Vegetables: Bell peppers, carrots, berries, and citrus fruits are bursting with vitamins A and C, essential for overall eye health.
  3. Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Fatty fish like salmon, tuna, and sardines offer anti-inflammatory benefits and potentially reduce eye pressure.

Your Vision, Your Responsibility

Remember, glaucoma doesn’t have to steal your vision. With early detection and proper management, you can enjoy a lifetime of clear and vibrant sight. This Glaucoma Awareness Month, take charge of your eye health, and empower others to do the same. Together, let’s ensure a future where everyone has the tools to protect their precious vision.

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Umeeta Balhar
Ann Divya Jacob

Empowering Women’s Health: Cervical Cancer Prevention and Screening Insights

Understanding Cervical Cancer and the Impact of Smear Tests

Cervical cancer, prevalent in sexually active women aged 30-45, has seen a decline since the introduction of smear tests. Explore the significance of routine cervical examinations aimed at identifying cancer and cervical changes.

Overcoming Barriers: The Smear Test and Embarrassment

Recent data highlights a concerning decrease in 25-29 year olds attending smear tests, possibly due to embarrassment. Learn why overcoming this discomfort is crucial, as smear tests, performed by highly trained professionals, can potentially save lives.

Demystifying the Smear Test Procedure

A smear test, a routine examination conducted by gynecologists, takes only a few minutes. With no cutting, injections, or stitches involved, discover the simplicity of the procedure involving a plastic speculum and a gentle brush rotation to collect cells for testing.

Expert Care at LLH Hospital, Abu Dhabi
LLH Hospital in Abu Dhabi offers gynaecological services for you. Our dedicated healthcare professionals ensure that your wellness screening is conducted with precision and care, providing you with peace of mind.

Uncover the Link to Cervical Cancer

Uncover the role of HPV in cervical cancer, a group of highly contagious viruses with over 100 strains. While most strains are common and naturally eliminated by the body, aggressive strains are linked to cervical cancer. Learn how a smear test can detect infections, enabling closer monitoring and timely treatment.

Take Control of Your Well-Being: Schedule Your Smear Test

Don’t wait – take control of your health by scheduling your smear test at various health facility in Abu Dhabi. Early detection is key to preventing and managing cervical cancer. Act now for a healthier future.

Empower Yourself and Others: Raise Awareness


Encourage routine smear tests at your nearest healthcare provider. Raise awareness about the importance of preventing cervical cancer to protect the health of young women. If you notice any changes in your periods, consult your gynecologist promptly.

In conclusion, prioritizing cervical cancer prevention with expert guidance at LLH Hospital in Abu Dhabi is a proactive step toward ensuring women’s well-being. Stay informed, take action, and contribute to the collective effort in reducing the prevalence of this disease.

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Sajira Bhasi
Mary Phyllis Robert
Saadia Ahmed Nasir
Maya Jayakrishnan
Urvi Tanna Wadhawan

Optimize Your Pregnancy with Folic Acid: A Guide for Abu Dhabi Mothers-to-Be

Folic Acid: The essential Vitamin for a Healthy Pregnancy

Folic Acid: The essential Vitamin for a Healthy Pregnancy

In the heart of Abu Dhabi, future mothers are embarking on an exciting journey. Among the many preparations, understanding the crucial role of folic acid in ensuring a healthy pregnancy is paramount. Let’s explore the significance of this essential vitamin, especially for the mothers-to-be in Abu Dhabi.

What is Folic Acid?

Folic acid, a form of vitamin B9, plays a pivotal role in promoting a healthy pregnancy. It is essential for the proper development of the baby’s nervous system, even before the pregnancy test turns positive. Starting folic acid supplements ideally three months before planning a pregnancy can prevent brain and spinal cord defects in the baby.

Benefits for Baby:

Research indicates that folic acid significantly reduces the risk of:

  1. Neural tube defects
  2. Heart defects
  3. Cleft palate

Benefits for Moms:

Expecting mothers who take folic acid can potentially avoid:

  1. Miscarriages
  2. Preterm labors
  3. Raised blood pressure

Folic Acid-Rich Diet:

A balanced diet rich in folic acid is vital. Abu Dhabi’s diverse cuisine offers various sources of this essential vitamin, including:

  1. Eggs
  2. Lentils
  3. Oranges
  4. Walnuts
  5. Green vegetables

Recommended Daily Dose:

It is recommended to consume 400 micrograms of folic acid daily. Starting before conception and continuing until the 13th week of pregnancy is ideal. For some Abu Dhabi mothers, especially those with specific conditions such as previous neural tube defects, diabetes, or a BMI over 30, a higher dose (5 mg) might be necessary.

Conclusion:

Before embarking on the beautiful journey of motherhood, consulting a gynecologist in Abu Dhabi is crucial. Beginning the recommended folic acid dosage beforehand optimizes the chances of welcoming a healthy, happy baby into the world. A mindful start ensures a brighter, healthier future for both the mother and the child.

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Sajira Bhasi
Mary Phyllis Robert
Saadia Ahmed Nasir
Maya Jayakrishnan
Urvi Tanna Wadhawan
Meera Jayasankar
Mrudhula Peta
Fathima Ahmed Koya
Nandini Menon
Jaya Lakshmi 
Meera Jayasankar
Deepa Veeraraghavan

Prioritize a Comprehensive Heart Health Checkup If You Experience Any Symptoms

Prioritize a Comprehensive Heart Health Checkup If You Experience Any Symptoms

Maintaining heart health is crucial for a long and healthy life. The heart is a remarkable organ, beating about 100,000 times a day, pumping blood filled with oxygen and nutrients to every cell in your body. However, due to various factors like genetics, lifestyle choices, and aging, our heart’s health can be compromised. To ensure your heart is in top shape, a regular heart health checkup is essential.

When to Have a Heart Health Checkup?

  • Blood Pressure and Cholesterol Test (Starting at age 20 for most people): Regular blood pressure and cholesterol tests are crucial as they help identify hypertension and high cholesterol, both significant risk factors for heart diseases. Monitoring should begin in early adulthood, as these conditions can develop silently over time.
  • Blood Glucose Test (Starting at age 40 to 45 for most people): Elevated blood sugar levels can indicate diabetes, a condition that significantly increases the risk of heart disease. Regular glucose tests should commence in mid-life to detect diabetes early and manage it effectively.
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) Measurement (Based on body weight or waist circumference): BMI is a simple yet effective tool to assess whether your weight is in a healthy range. Excess body weight, especially around the waist, is a risk factor for heart disease.

Routine Screening for Heart Health (Tests)

Routine screening tests help in early detection and prevention of heart-related issues. They include:

  • Blood Pressure and Cholesterol Test: Blood pressure measures the force of blood against the walls of your arteries. High blood pressure strains your heart and can lead to various heart-related complications. Cholesterol tests measure levels of LDL (bad) and HDL (good) cholesterol. High LDL cholesterol levels can lead to plaque buildup in your arteries, increasing the risk of heart disease.
  • Blood Glucose Test(s): These tests determine your blood sugar levels, indicating if you have diabetes or prediabetes, both of which can increase the risk of heart problems.
  • Body Mass Index Measurement: BMI measures your weight relative to your height. A high BMI, especially if accompanied by an increased waist circumference, can be a sign of obesity, which is a significant risk factor for heart disease.

Additional Tests for Heart Health

In addition to routine screening tests, there are advanced diagnostic tools available to assess heart health, including:

  • ECG, EKG: Electrocardiography or ECG records the electrical activity of the heart, helping to diagnose arrhythmias, heart attacks, and other heart conditions.
  • Stress Test: This exercise cardiac test evaluates how well your heart functions under stress, typically through treadmill or stationary bike exercises. It’s used to diagnose coronary artery disease and assess overall heart fitness.
  • Echocardiography: Echocardiograms use sound waves to create images of your heart, providing valuable information about heart structure and function, helping to diagnose conditions like heart valve disease and cardiomyopathy.
  • Nuclear Stress Test: This test combines a radioactive substance with a stress test to create images of blood flow in your heart, used to detect coronary artery disease and assess heart muscle function.
  • CT Scan: This non-invasive cardiac CT scan test measures the amount of calcium buildup in your coronary arteries, providing insight into your risk of heart disease.
  • CTA (Coronary CT Angiography): CTA is a detailed imaging test that allows visualization of the coronary arteries, helpful for assessing blockages and determining the need for intervention.
  • Coronary Catheter Angiography: This invasive procedure involves injecting a contrast dye into the coronary arteries to obtain detailed X-ray images. It’s often used during angioplasty and stent placement procedures.

Visit LLH Hospitals for a Comprehensive Heart Health Checkup

Heart health checkups are essential for everyone, regardless of age or apparent health. Regular screenings, such as blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood glucose tests, should begin early in adulthood. Additional tests like ECGs, stress tests, and imaging studies may be necessary in specific situations. Prioritizing heart health through regular checkups and a healthy lifestyle can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease and contribute to a longer, healthier life. Consult with Dr. Arun Hari Specialist Cardiology to determine the most appropriate heart health checkup schedule for your individual needs.

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Muhammad Abdul Rahman Sikandar 
Joseph Kurian
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Binu Thankappan Gomathy
Sumera Nasim
Arun Hari
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Jose John

Diet for PCOS


6 Foods to Avoid for PCOS & 5 Foods to include for PCOS 


Here is an effective diet guide for PCOS problem. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that affects women of childbearing age. It is characterized by irregular or absent menstrual cycles, excess hair growth, acne, and difficulty getting pregnant. 

There is no cure for PCOS, but there are ways to manage the symptoms. The physicians will advise to make changes to your diet. Certain foods can worsen the symptoms of PCOS, while others can help to improve them. 

Here are Some Foods That You Should Avoid if You Have PCOS: 

  1. Refined carbohydrates: These foods are high in sugar and calories and can cause blood sugar levels to spike. They include white bread, pasta, pastries, sugary drinks, and candy. 
  1. Processed foods: These foods are often high in unhealthy fats, sugar, and salt. They also tend to be low in nutrients. Some examples of convenience foods are fast food, frozen meals, and packaged snacks. 
  1. Fried foods: Fried foods are high in unhealthy fats, which can contribute to weight gain and insulin resistance. 
  1. Red meat: Red meat is high in saturated fat, which can also contribute to weight gain and insulin resistance. 
  1. Dairy products with added hormones: Some dairy products, such as milk and cheese, are produced from cows that have been treated with hormones. These hormones can mimic the effects of testosterone in women with PCOS and worsen symptoms. 
  1. High-sugar beverages: Sugary beverages, such as soda, juice, and sports drinks, are high in calories and can contribute to weight gain. They can also raise blood sugar levels. 
     

Foods to Include for PCOS

There are also some foods that you can eat to help improve the symptoms of PCOS. These foods include: 

  1. Whole grains: Whole grains are a good source of fiber, which can help to regulate blood sugar levels. They also contain nutrients that are important for women with PCOS, such as magnesium and vitamin B6. 
  1. Lean protein: Lean protein, such as chicken, fish, and tofu, can help you to feel full and satisfied. It is also a good source of iron, which is important for women with PCOS. 
  1. Healthy fats: Healthy fats, such as those found in avocados, nuts, and seeds, can help to improve insulin sensitivity and reduce inflammation. 
  1. Fruits and vegetables: Fruits and vegetables are a good source of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. They are also low in calories and carbohydrates, making them a good choice for people with PCOS who are trying to lose weight. 
  1. Low-fat dairy products: Low-fat dairy products, such as yogurt and milk, are a good source of calcium and vitamin D. These nutrients are important for bone health, which can be affected by PCOS. 

If you have PCOS, it is important to talk to your gynaecologist about creating a diet that is right for you. They can help you to make the necessary changes to your diet and lifestyle to manage your symptoms and improve your overall health. 

Here are some additional tips from Maa Clinic at LLH Hospitals & Medical centres following a PCOS-friendly diet: 

  • Maintaining stable blood sugar levels is essential for good health. One effective way to achieve this is by eating regular meals and snacks throughout the day.  
  • Opt for foods that are low in sugar and processed carbohydrates, as these types of foods can cause spikes and dips in blood sugar levels.  
  • Focus on eating whole, unprocessed foods. 
  • Drink plenty of water. 
  • Get regular exercise. 

By following these tips, you can make positive changes to your diet and improve your symptoms of PCOS.  

Our Experts

Dr. Mrudhula Peta

Dr. Mrudhula Peta

Specialist Obstetrician & Gynaecology, Laparoscopic Surgeon

Years of Experience: 8+

Nationality: India

Languages Known: English, Hindi, Telugu

Qualification: MBBS, MD (Obstetrics & Gynecology), DNB, FMAS

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Sajira Bhasi
Mary Phyllis Robert
Saadia Ahmed Nasir
Maya Jayakrishnan
Urvi Tanna Wadhawan
Meera Jayasankar
Mrudhula Peta
Fathima Ahmed Koya
Nandini Menon
Jaya Lakshmi 
Meera Jayasankar
Deepa Veeraraghavan

PCOS: Know the Symptoms, Treatment 


Don’t Let PCOS Define You


Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) 

PCOS is a prevalent hormonal disorder that commonly affects women in their reproductive years. Research suggests that up to 10% of women may be affected by PCOS. 

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that can lead to an array of symptoms, such as: 

  • Irregular or absent periods 
  • Excess hair growth (hirsutism) 
  • Acne 
  • Weight gain 
  • Difficulty getting pregnant 
  • Mood swings 
  • Depression 

The exact cause of PCOS is unknown, but it’s thought to be due to a combination of factors, including genetics, insulin resistance, and inflammation. While PCOS doesn’t have a cure, there are several treatments available that can help manage the symptoms associated with it. 

These treatments may include: 

  • Birth control pills 
  • Metformin (a medication that helps control insulin levels) 
  • Spironolactone (a medication that helps reduce excess hair growth) 
  • Lifestyle changes, such as losing weight and engaging in regular physical activity 

If you think you may have PCOS, it’s important to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. With proper treatment, most women with the condition can live normal, healthy lives. 

Here are some additional things to know about PCOS: 

 PCOS is not your fault. It’s a hormonal disorder that you can’t control. 

There are many effective treatments for PCOS. It’s important to remain persistent even if your initial treatment plan doesn’t yield the intended results. It can affect your fertility, but it doesn’t mean you can’t get pregnant. Talk to your doctor about your fertility options. 

It can also increase your risk of developing other health problems, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and sleep apnea. It’s important to see your doctor regularly for checkups and to manage your risk factors. 

If you have any questions or concerns, visit Maa clinic at LLH Hospitals. They can help you understand the condition and develop a treatment plan that’s right for you. 

Here are some lifestyle tips that can help manage the Condition: 

  • Eat a healthy diet. Consuming a nutritious diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains while limiting processed foods, sugary drinks, and unhealthy fats. 
  • Regular exercise of at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity most days of the week is also crucial.  
  • If you’re overweight or obese, losing even a small amount of weight can significantly improve symptoms.  
  • Manage stress, which can exacerbate the symptoms. Incorporating stress management techniques like yoga, meditation, or spending time in nature can help promote relaxation and alleviate symptoms. 

Living with PCOS can be challenging, however it’s important to remember that you’re not alone in this journey. There are various resources accessible to assist you in managing your symptoms and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. 

Our Experts

Dr. Meera Jayasankar

Dr. Meera Jayasankar

Specialist Obstetrics and Gynecology

Years of Experience: 5

Nationality: Indian

Languages Known: English, Hindi, Malayalam

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Sajira Bhasi
Mary Phyllis Robert
Saadia Ahmed Nasir
Maya Jayakrishnan
Urvi Tanna Wadhawan
Meera Jayasankar
Mrudhula Peta
Fathima Ahmed Koya
Nandini Menon
Jaya Lakshmi 
Meera Jayasankar
Deepa Veeraraghavan

Childhood Obesity: Causes, Implications, and Solutions

Childhood overweight and obesity have become a pressing public health issue, with a significant rise in global prevalence over the past four decades. Worldwide, more than 340 million children and adolescents aged 5 to 19 suffer from obesity, while 39 million children under the age of 5 are affected. UAE also witnessed an increase in incidence of childhood obesity from12 percent of children in 2018 to 17.4 percent in 2020 .This blog explores the causes, implications, and actionable steps parents can take to address childhood obesity in the UAE.

The Growing Concern of Childhood Obesity:

Childhood obesity is defined as the abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat that poses health risks. It is determined using Body Mass Index (BMI), adjusted for age and sex due to BMI changes during growth. For ages 2 to 19, overweight is classified as having a BMI between the 85th and 95th percentiles, while obesity is defined as a BMI at or above the 95th percentile. Early life is a critical period for obesity development, as the environment during this stage can influence health outcomes later in life.

Factors Contributing to Childhood Obesity:

The rise in childhood obesity can be attributed to various behavioral and environmental factors. Increased screen time, inadequate sleep, reduced physical activity, and the consumption of energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods play significant roles. Additionally, prenatal and postnatal factors, as well as genetic variations, contribute to the development of childhood obesity. The shift towards ultra-processed foods, high intake of sugary beverages, and a decrease in physical activity further compound the issue.

Implications and Risks of Childhood Obesity:

Childhood obesity is associated with numerous short-term co-morbidities, including impaired glucose tolerance, delayed or accelerated puberty, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, altered lipid levels, dental caries, and various other health complications. Children with obesity may also face social rejection and victimization. Furthermore, childhood obesity tends to persist into adolescence and adulthood, increasing the risk of long-term complications such as adult obesity, coronary artery disease, infertility, osteoarthritis, reduced self-esteem, depression, anxiety, and impaired motor skills.

Addressing Childhood Obesity:

If parents suspect their child is obese, seeking guidance from healthcare professionals is crucial. BMI serves as a screening tool, but it should be supplemented by clinical assessment. Parents can support their child’s health by focusing on positive behaviors rather than deprivation. Providing nutritious meals and snacks filled with fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats is essential. Building self-esteem and shifting the conversation away from weight numbers to health promotion can also contribute to positive outcomes.

Lifestyle Modifications:

Parents can serve as role models by adopting healthy eating patterns for the entire family. Involving children in shopping for fresh produce and meal planning fosters their engagement. Eating meals together without screen time and avoiding the consumption of “JUNCS” (foods high in fats, sugars, and salts, ultra-processed foods, nutritionally inappropriate foods, and sugar-sweetened beverages) are crucial steps. Limiting the intake of free sugars and fats, encouraging regional and seasonal fruit consumption, and promoting physical activity are essential for combating childhood obesity.

Limiting Screen Time and Other Treatment Options:

To curb sedentary behavior, parents should limit screen time to less than two hours per day for children above 5 years old. For children aged 2 to 5, screen time should be limited to less than one hour, while children under 2 should have zero screen time. In severe cases of adolescent obesity, where conventional treatments are ineffective, intensive dietary interventions, medications, or bariatric surgery may be considered.

Conclusion:

Childhood obesity poses significant health risks and long-term consequences. Parents play a vital role in promoting healthy habits and creating a supportive environment for their children. Seeking guidance from healthcare professionals can provide trusted advice and support. Dr. Gopika Prasad, Specialist in General Pediatrics, emphasizes, “Addressing childhood obesity requires a comprehensive approach that involves healthy nutrition, regular physical activity, and a supportive family environment. It’s important for parents to lead by example and provide their children with the tools and resources they need to make positive lifestyle choices.”

By adopting nutritious eating patterns, encouraging physical activity, and limiting sedentary behavior, parents can contribute to their child’s overall well-being and future health. Together, with the guidance of healthcare experts like Dr. Gopika Prasad, we can combat childhood obesity and ensure a healthier future for the children of the UAE. Remember, as Dr. Prasad advises, “Small changes can make a big difference in preventing and managing childhood obesity. Let’s work together to give our children a healthy start in life.”

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Ranjitha Sasilekha
Haseena Jasmine Laila Beevi
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Afeed Ibrahim
Fahad Farouk
Abdul Bari
Sridevi Patra
Babitha S
Jayashree KV 

Know the correlation between summer and heart attack

Know the correlation between summer and heart attack

Summer and heart attack are correlated as the summer season can have certain factors that may potentially affect heart health and increase the risk of heart attacks in some individuals. However, it is good to note that this correlation doesn’t essentially imply any direct connection. While some studies have found a higher incidence of heart attacks during the summer months, it is essential to consider other variables at play.

Factors Contributing to Higher Chances of Heart Attacks during summers

Some factors may contribute to a higher incidence of heart attacks during the summer, it is important to remember that individual susceptibility varies, and many other factors, such as pre-existing medical conditions, lifestyle choices, and genetic predisposition, play a significant role in determining an individual’s heart health.

  • Heat & dehydration: High temperatures during the summer can lead to dehydration & electrolyte imbalances, which can strain the cardiovascular system. Dehydration may cause a drop in blood volume, leading to an increase in heart rate and blood pressure, potentially triggering heart problems.
  • Physical activity: People tend to engage in more outdoor activities & exercises during the summer months. Sudden or excessive physical exertion, especially for individuals who are sedentary or have underlying heart conditions, can increase the risk of heart attacks, particularly in those who are not accustomed to intense exercise.
  • Air pollution: Summer months can be associated with increased levels of air pollution, such as smog and ozone, especially in the urban areas. Exposure to air pollution has been linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular events, including heart attacks.
  • Dietary habits: People often consume different types of foods & beverages during the summer months, such as barbecued meats, processed snacks, sugary drinks, and alcoholic beverages. These dietary choices, when consumed in excess or as part of an unhealthy overall diet, can contribute to an increased risk of heart problems.
  • Travel and vacations: Summers happen to be a quite popular time for vacations & travel. Long journeys, particularly by air, can involve prolonged sitting, which can increase the risk of blood clots (deep vein thrombosis) and cardiovascular complications.

Ways of Protecting the Heart from Scorching Heat during summers

Summer and heart attack are interrelated. During the summer months, you can undertake the following practices in order to protect your heart from the harsh effects of the summer heat:

  • Know the symptoms: It is important to be aware of the symptoms of heat-related illnesses such as heat stroke or heat exhaustion. These can include dizziness, nausea, rapid heartbeat, headache, confusion, and fainting. If you have been experiencing any such symptoms, then it is advisable to seek immediate medical intervention.
  • Be high on H2O, but not on alcohol: Staying hydrated is crucial during hot summer days. Drink a good amount of water and other liquids all through the day to replenish fluids that are lost from your body through sweating. It is a no-brainer that these fluids do not imply alcohol, as its consumption can inversely contribute to dehydration.
  • Keep yourself cool: Find ways to stay cool during the hot summer weather. Try to stay indoors most of the time in air-conditioned spaces. If, unfortunately, you do not have air conditioning, you can use fans, take cold showers or baths, or visit public places with air conditioning, such as libraries, malls, or community centres.
  • Monitor your medicines: Some medications can affect how your body handles heat. If you are taking any kind of medications, consult your treating doctor or pharmacist to understand if they have any heat-related side effects. Follow their advice on adjusting dosages or taking extra precautions during hot weather.
  • Watch your plate: Opt for light, easily digestible meals during the hot summer days. Include plenty of fruits & veggies in your diet, as they contain water & essential nutrients. Avoid heavy, fatty, or spicy foods that can make you feel sluggish and increase your body heat.
  • Watch the clock: Schedule outdoor activities during cooler parts of the day, such as early mornings or late evenings.
  • Watch your clothes: Dress in lightweight, loose-fitting, and light-coloured clothing that allows your body to breathe and helps reflect sunlight.
  • Exercise smartly: Regular exercise is important for heart as well as brain health but adjust your routine to the summer heat. Engage in physical activities during cooler times of the day or choose indoor exercises. If you exercise outdoors, do so in shaded areas, drink plenty of water, and listen to your body’s signals to avoid overexertion.
  • Take care of each other: Check on family members, friends, & neighbours, especially those who may be more vulnerable to heat-related illnesses, such as older adults or individuals with chronic health conditions. Encourage them to stay cool, hydrated, and seek medical help if needed.

A Worthy Interventional Cardiologist in Abu Dhabi

Therefore, now you know how summer and heart attack are co-related. Therefore, it is quite crucial to take better care of your heart health during the summer season. Also, remember, the tips mentioned above are general guidelines, and it will be good for you to consult with Doctor for personalized advice based on your specific health conditions and needs. If you have concerns about your heart health or any specific symptoms, it would be better to consult with the cardiologist as he/she can provide personalized advice based on your medical history and current health status. Interventional cardiology happens to be the specialized cardiology field that tends to focus on the diagnosis & treatment of cardiovascular diseases with the help of minimally invasive medical procedures. These procedures often involve catheters and other small instruments that are guided through blood vessels to treat various heart conditions, such as blocked arteries, heart valve problems, and congenital heart defects.

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