Understanding and Managing Hypertension: A Guide by Cardio Expert

Understanding and Managing Hypertension: A Guide by Cardio Expert

Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a growing concern worldwide. It’s a chronic condition where the force of blood against your artery walls is consistently too high. This can lead to various health problems, including heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and even vision loss.

In this blog post, Dr. Arun Hari, a leading Cardiology Specialist in Abu Dhabi, sheds light on identifying hypertension and the importance of diet in managing it effectively.

Identifying Hypertension

Often called the “silent killer,” hypertension rarely presents with noticeable symptoms. Regular blood pressure checks are crucial for early detection. If you experience headaches, dizziness, fatigue, or nosebleeds frequently, consult a doctor for a check-up.

Dietary Tips for Managing Hypertensio

A healthy diet is a cornerstone of managing hypertension. Here are some key dietary recommendations:

Limit sodium intake: Aim for less than 2,300 milligrams (mg) of sodium daily, ideally reaching 1,500 mg for optimal control. Focus on whole, unprocessed foods and avoid processed meats, canned goods, and restaurant meals that are often loaded with sodium.

Increase potassium intake:  Potassium helps counter the effects of sodium. Include fruits and vegetables like bananas, oranges, spinach, and potatoes in your diet.

Embrace a DASH diet: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is a proven strategy for lowering blood pressure. It emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products while limiting saturated and unhealthy fats, red meat, sweets, and sugary drinks.

Reduce saturated and unhealthy fats: Saturated and unhealthy fats can contribute to heart disease, a common complication of hypertension. Choose lean protein sources like fish, poultry, and legumes over red meat. Opt for healthy fats from nuts, seeds, and olive oil.

Moderate alcohol intake: Excessive alcohol consumption can raise blood pressure; limiting alcohol intake or avoiding it altogether is advised for optimal blood pressure control.

Maintain a Healthy Weight: Being overweight or obese puts additional strain on your heart, leading to hypertension. Aim for a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise.


By understanding hypertension and adopting these dietary strategies, you can take significant steps towards managing your blood pressure and improving your overall health.

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